Product List

01. Nguni Cattle

 

We have a small herd of Nguni cattle. We selected Nguini as a breed given our farming system and location,their fertility, hardiness, wonderful temperaments, vibrant colours and of course their story; they are proudly South African animals.

We are in a severe Red Water and Heartwater area so Nguni cattle and Zulu sheep are our obvious breed choice. Our stud was registered with the South African Nguni Breeder’s Society in May 2007 www.ngunicattle.info. Nearly all have been purchased from KZN Nguni Club auctions.

Our objectives with the Nguni is to breed true to type animals and use them in our small-scale agro-ecological farming system. The manure from the cattle is used on our orchards, in our cropping systems and for biogas. Our animals all interact with each other and with ourselves and despite destroying the garden when they get the chance we all live in harmony.

Our cattle are named, as is common in Zulu culture although few of our names are linked to patterns but rather personality and intentions. Breeding these remarkable landrace animals is full of excitement and wonders because apart from the traits you never know what patterns and colours you will get.

Their unique patterns are landscapes in themselves and having had the animals for some years now it is easy to understand how these animals were central to the life of the Zulu people and inspired many praise songs and poetry. If you have a deeper interest in Nguni cattle a recent and useful starting reference is the book The Abundant Herds – Fernwood Press 2003. From time to time we have surplus animals for sale please contact us.

02. Nguni Hides

We have a very select and beautiful Nguni Hide collection. Our hides have been sought after world wide and are chrome tanned which gives them a quality soft finish. We only trade in spectacular hides. Please contact us for latest stock and colour combination that you seek.

A few tips with Nguni Hides

Selection:

Chrome tanned hides smell a little like a leather jacket, be sure to buy hides that have not been cured by drying in the sun which makes the fats go rancid and give a rank odour!

Taking care of your hide:

Turn your hide monthly to avoid curling as a result of scuffing. Should you find that an end has curled up due to scuffing, wet the hide so it is just damp and place something heavy on top. Leave it overnight, it will straighten out. To clean your hide and remove marks from red wine, filter coffee etc use sunlight dishwashing liquid in warm water and sponge off the area that is marked. Hang the hide over a chair to dry.

03. Zulu Sheep

 These domesticated animals are endangered. The Zulu sheep travelled between 200 and 400 AD with the Nguni people, their cattle and dogs from North and Central Africa to eastern coast of South Africa. Like most landrace breeds of livestock and crops they have been overlooked and displaced by corporate agricultural. The Zulu Sheep present opportunities to produce without the intensive veterinary inputs that most other sheep breeds need and have the added advantage that they have co-evolved locally.

At Enaleni, we have managed with difficulty to source a small breeding flock of sheep from within KwaZulu-Natal with 8 bloodlines. The sheep are an integral part of the agroecological farming systems at Enaleni. The sheep are multi-coloured, usually have fat tails, have hair rather than wool and sometimes have “mouse like” ears. They are remarkable in that they have a high tolerance to tick-borne diseases and parasites. They have co-evolved within a hot, pest-ridden landscape with inconsistent weather patterns and temperatures, and in some coastal areas with high humidity. In 2009 Enaleni together with Slow Food have formed the first presidium in South Africa, the Zulu Sheep Presidium.

Our purpose of collecting and breeding these sheep at Enaleni is to safe guard their genetic diversity and resilience, establish a viable market given their unique flavour and traits through conservation with production.

04. Kolbroek Pigs

 

Enaleni Farm is a small-scale agro-ecological mixed farm that celebrates indigenous and landrace animals and crops, promoting and recovering our agro-diversity and on-farm integrity. We grow, breed and exhibit Kolbroek to share their many traits, their story, their remarkable taste and heritage, and encourage others with a similar interests. The Kolbroek indigenous pigs are a favourite component of the farm and are farmed in a way that enables them to free range and free-farrow and express their instinct. They thrive as a result. Our pig farming system is a welcome viable alternative to industrialised pig factories. In South Africa over 60 000 sows give birth in metal farrowing crates, on concrete, hayless styes, cramped conditions and are feed GMO foods.

Origins

There is debate about the origins of the Kolbroek to South Africa. Some historians state that they were introduced by the Portuguese traders in the 15th century while others suggest these pigs survived the shipwrecked of the Coalbrook in 1778 off the Cape coast (they are excellent swimmers). Well whatever the origins, they’ve been in South Africa for a few centuries and there is reference to them tagging along the Voortrekker’s wagons for meat, soap, lard etc.

Description and Qualities

These pigs are hardy and lend themselves to free range systems being efficient converters of high roughage rations. They have an ability to forage and digest root and leaf material. We grow them slowly and apart from deworm do not give them any other routine medication. This is an important advantage of farming with an indigenous breed that has not been raised and selected in highly intensive piggeries with all the pressures of farm factory security by way of high vertinerary inputs as a mechanism of a production safe guard. Kolbroek lend themselves to small-scale farming systems, home cooking and on-farm transformation.

The Meat

The Kolbroek enables the consumer to eat a clean pork and an animal that’s had a relatively free life, ablissful life compared to ‘industrial piggeries’. The meat has a good texture and colour and a flavour that wows our guests. For some of our recipes refer to The East Coast Tables inland edition published in 2013 (pg117). From sausages to ham all are good with a little know how. Their fat content can be managed by their ability to exercise freely and their diet. In fact, the Kolbroek does not produce well in an ‘industrial piggery’ because they gain too much fat- this trait has perhaps been their saving grace trait. If you’d like to taste email us and we’ll add you to our mailing list when we have pork for sale.

Management

The hardiness of these pigs and their good mothering ability ensures a high survival rate particular after the first farrowing. Our litters have been between 5 to 8 piglets, on occasion up to 10. We try and farrow our pigs on hay in a sty for their protection. Although some of our sows farrow outside and then we bring them in for a week. We have predators like Lnyx and Marshal Eagles. We know when they are about to farrow when their milkbar drops and they start ‘nesting’. When nesting a few days before farrowing they harvest quantities of twiggs, grass, vegetative material from banner grass, agapantha and clivia leaves (it is remarkable to observe). We then move the sow into a sty with ample hay. After three days we let mother sow out twice a day and usually she will wait at the gate wanting to be let in. Our pigs are 100% vegetarian and we make a point of not collecting swill. Their diet mainly includes grasses, macadamia nuts, fruit, insects, maas /whey from our two dairy cows and on farm certified gmo-free grains when we have a surplus. The Kolbroek seem to have very calm, inquisitive and stable temperaments, we attribute this to their genes and our management approach.

Enaleni Farm

The farm is a working example of the celebration and diversity of heritage breeds – of which many are indigenous – including domesticated animals with interesting histories and stories in South Africa.

Contact Details

enalenifarm@gmail.com
082 872 2049
Enaleni Farm: Ashburton, Kwa-Zulu Natal 3213, South Africa

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